It is created when ammonia gas reacts with nitric acid. This gas creates a happy, lightened feeling, and causes instant laughter. Watch this science video tutorial from Nurd Rage on how to make potassium nitrate at home with Dr. Lithium. Nobel’s name was made in explosives, but what about the chemistry behind them? We looked at each other, completely stunned. And the key ingredient… "sodium-free" salt. This was big. It can be manufactured by reacting ammonia solution with nitric acid: Ammonium nitrate is a source of soluble nitrogen, so it can be used as a 'nitrogenous' fertiliser. Perform the reaction outside or in a fume hood, and wear gloves when w ...more, If you've ever had teeth removed/minor surgery, you most likely received some laughing gas, or nitrous oxide. Meera SenthilingamAnd to find out the effects of crystal meth and methamphetamine in general on our bodies, and the chemistry behind this, join Simon Cotton in next week's Chemistry in its element. These chemistry experiments are not only fun, but very educational for all of those interested in scientific chemical reactions and properties. Step 2: How to Get Ammonuim Nitrate. This video tutorial wi ...more. The compound is most commonly prepared by reacting nitric acid and ammonia. By using this site, you agree to its use of cookies. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound used in agriculture as a fertilizer, to make pyrotechnics, as an ingredient in cold packs, and for science demonstrations. Ammonium nitrate is the fertilizer compound that can be used in explosives, said John Goodpaster, who researches explosives at Indiana at University-Purdue University Indianapolis. Ingredients Dissolve the sodium bisulfate in the mininum amount of water (about 300 ml). Now, next week, we cook up a lethal compound. Its chemical formula is NH4NO3 or N2H4O3. Run the solution through a filter, which will give you sodium sulfate on the filter and a solution of ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH4NO3. Heat or ignition readily cause the substance to ignite or explode. Options for Obtaining Ammonium Nitrate . After this, mix equal parts of the pottasche with ammonium nitrate. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Dissolve your nitrate salt in the minimum amount of water (amount depends on the salt). First, purchase some Pottasche. To link your comment to your profile, sign in now. The town was flattened and the blast was reputedly heard 300km away. Ammonium nitrate explosion that killed at least 135 appears to have been caused by poorly-stored cargo from an abandoned vessel, States will forgo the $650m civil penalty in favour of victims. Until then, thank you for listening. Even if you are careful, ammonium nitrate is an accident waiting to happen. In the 1920s, the ammonium nitrate manufactured at the birthplace of the Haber-Bosch process - the ammonia works in Oppau in Germany - was stored in a warehouse. several hundred tonnes of ammonium nitrate blew up. There was an enormous boom, and the huge plate glass window in front of me turned white, then vanished in a pile of shards. There were broken windows everywhere, but no other apparent damage. so let's try a easy way. 700 people were killed. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. This is how ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is made - hot ammonia and nitric acid are combined in a ferocious neutralisation reaction. I had previously heard three terrorist explosions in London, UK. In the damp winter it picked up moisture, compacted, caked and hardened. By the evening it was clear that this was an industrial accident. The ammonium nitrate is soluble in methanol, while the sodium sulfate is not. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Boil the solution for about 30 minutes. Definition and Examples, What Are the First 20 Elements - Names and Symbols, 138 g sodium bisulfate (found with pool chemicals, used to lower pH). If for most of us this brings to mind the idea of warfare and terrorism, let us not forget that explosives are mostly used in mining and construction, where they break up rocks in quarries, prepare the foundations of buildings, and help us tunnel through rocks.

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