It is the Arabic movable type script and it results from the adaptation, the forced adaptation, of Arabic to the movable type environment, making it closer to the logic of the Latin script. NARRATOR: Brody Neuenschwander is a calligrapher and modern artist who has studied the writing practices of different cultures throughout history. A to Z: How Writing Changed The World | KCET. "The New West and the Politics of the Environment," a feature-length documentary for the public television environmental news magazine “Earth Focus,” makes the case for placing former U.S. Sen. Harry Reid and Nevada at the center of a green new deal. NARRATOR: Islamic science, and the paper it was written on, would eventually find its way to Europe, where it would help to lay the foundations of a scientific revolution. And Gutenberg didn’t stop there. It's not like writing something can change the world. Pen and paper, ink and alphabet, these things are so familiar as to be almost invisible, but these are world altering technologies. Hear Apollo astronauts and engineers tell the inside story of how the first mission to the moon, Apollo 8, pioneered groundbreaking technologies that would pave the way to land a man on the moon and win the space race. New York, The trouble is they had to meet a certain quality. NARRATOR: A to Z: How Writing Changed the World, right now, on NOVA. And that is made possible by the nature of the writing surface. This prop failed. WANG JIANING (Calligrapher): (Translated from Chinese) The calligraphy style I am going to use is Tang dynasty Cursive Script. Discover how writing—and eventually printing—revolutionized the spread of information. JOOST DEPUYDT (Curator, Museum Plantin-Moretus): That’s really an information revolution. Everything You Should Know About Dental Plans, The Top Five Benefits Of How Electric Cars Will Help The Environment, Hottest Bridesmaid Shirts To Make Your Squad Stand Out, Consolidate all your Business Data with System Integration Services, Recognize the Disguise: Google and Amazon Imitated by Phishers. The common phrase “knowledge is power” usually focuses on … That is why people say, “thousand year paper, hundred years silk,” which means, paper lasts for a thousand years, while our silk clothes only lasts for a hundred years. In the Golden State, the youth have a long history of storytelling that uncovers little-heard narratives. “Power and Health” examines the underlying sociological and economic forces that determine our health and how those forces are shaped by power. As papyrus disappeared, so did the book as a relatively inexpensive, everyday commodity. I’m looking at malachite green brought from central Europe. Brody believes that calligraphy can help. A to Z: How Writing Changed the World Just as handwritten records changed how societies work, the printing press transformed the spread of information, igniting the Industrial Revolution. Additional funding for "How Writing Changed the World" is provided by the George D. Smith Fund. That simple fact lies behind a thousand-fold increase in the availability of information, an explosion of ideas that led directly to the European Scientific Revolution, the Industrial Revolution that followed, and the world we live in today. | Closed CaptioningVideo has closed captioning. The birth of writing and the first alphabet were among the world’s most vital inventions. BRODY NEUENSCHWANDER: I’m making a pen out of a drinks can. And therefore you cannot have any unevennesses or any roughnesses in the paper. At midsummer and midwinter, this allowed him to determine the length of the solar year. An eclectic series of screenings, discussions, and Q&As with actors, directors, and producers, presented by KCET. NARRATOR: Nevertheless, unlike in Europe, movable type failed to capture the market, and within 20 years, the printer was out of business. I’m realigning the fibers of the skin, to get it nice and solid, to keep that nice flat surface. And this is the sextant built 200 years before Galileo Galilei invented the telescope. When you write on parchment, the ink, as it dries, is grabbed by the fibers, which close down and hold it. Proudly powered by WordPress I am the only traditional master parchment maker left in the world, which is quite unique. This step was laborious and expensive, but once the wood block was produced, it was quick and cheap to print from, thanks to paper that was absorbent, flexible and inexpensive. NARRATOR: Books like this represent a pinnacle of medieval art, but they also represent a limitation on literacy and scholarship, compared to the broad literary culture of the ancient world. You may not know the names of these “influencers” (or “hidden figures”), but your life has been changed by their words and actions. That means that books were accessible to a certain segment of the population in Greek and Roman times. DR. BRODY NEUENSCHWANDER (Calligrapher): Medieval books were not made by vegetarians. As self-driving cars take to the streets, investigate how they work, and if they are safe.... Can new engineering techniques help prevent deadly bridge collapses? Here’s a guide to going off the beaten path with some of the best open-air attractions SoCal has to offer. And when Egypt was finally conquered by the Roman Empire, in 30 B.C., one of the biggest prizes of conquest was domination of the Mediterranean papyrus trade. AHMAD AL-JALLAD: What we have here is the first Arabic book printed with moveable type in the Muslim world, about 200 years after the Book of Hours that we’ve looked at previously.

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