With this knowledge, most clearly observed individuals can be reliably identified. birds! (Akheraj Swamp, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; August 5, 2018.) Also takes small insects, especially during the breeding season. © Ashok Kumar Das, Chestnut Munia, L. a. sinensis, a pale-brown individual—note rustier rump and bright orange tail. As a result, many observers there do not attempt to differentiate between them in their field observations. Birds of East Asia. (Barasat, West Bengal, India; May 8, 2016.) (Ban Bang Pu, Samut Prakan, Thailand; August 17, 2014.) (Tawau, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia; September 6, 2006.) //]]> Tricolored Munia. (Jorhat, Assam, India; June 4, 2011.) Additional introduced populations have been reported from the West Indies, but they do not appear to be well established. (Baruipur, South 24 Parganas District, West Bengal, India; November 25, 2018.) (Huajiang Wild Duck Nature Park, Taipei, Taiwan; February 3, 2016.) Attached are some images of Chestnut Munias (Lonchura atricapilla) including a juvenile and an immature that were taken recently. The existence of apparently intermediate individuals is the original source of confusion over the status of Tricolored and Chestnut Munias, and it causes three persistent problems. Both species vary but in different ways, and an understanding of their variations enables reliable identification of the vast majority of apparently intermediate individuals. © Sharif Uddin, Chestnut Munia, L. a. formosana, immature. The relationship between Tricolored and Chestnut Munias (Lonchura malacca and L. atricapilla) has been fraught with confusion and some disagreement remains over their taxonomic status. birds! Some of these intermediate birds may be hybrids (or back-cross descendants of hybrids) but most are merely color morphs of Tricolored. White-gray legs and feet. For an account of their variation and guidance on some consistent distinctions to differentiate them in the field, see above. © Manish Kumar, Chestnut Munia, L. a. formosana, immature beginning to molt into adult plumage. "https://ssl." © Sarah Lim, Chestnut Munia, L. a. jagori, with blurry-edged blackish belly patch. © Poshien Chien, Chestnut Munia, L. a. formosana, with a brownish hood and blurry-edged blackish belly patch —note light-orange tail. Southern Asia from India to Taiwan, the Philippines, and Indonesia. https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/20220e.html. Strong, conical blue-gray bill. "statcounter.com/counter/counter_xhtml.js'>"); On Tricolored Munia, the flanks and upperparts rarely match. (Laem Pak Bia-Pak Thale, Phetchaburi, Thailand; August 9, 2015.) Slightly pointed, longish red-brown tail. ), Chestnut Munia, L. a. atricapilla—note concolor flanks and underparts—the belly patch is well-defined, which suggests Tricolored, but it would be out of range. var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-129491-1"); The belly coloration varies across a wide spectrum: some are extensively black with crisp contrast, some show a gradation from chestnut to blackish, and some are entirely brown or chestnut. Christie, and E. de Juana, eds.). Chestnut Munia, L. a. jagori, immature. Sexes similar. Chestnut Munia, L. a. sinensis, showing a blurry-edged blackish belly patch. var sc_https=1; © Subrato Sanyal, Tricolored Munia, unusual pinkish variant—note contrast between upperparts and much paler flanks. The nest is a large domed grass structure in a bush or tall grass into which 4-7 white eggs are laid. The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. When Chestnut shows a similarly well-defined belly patch (as in the photo below) it is often more extensive or otherwise different from Tricolored’s characteristic pattern. © Subrato Sanyal, Chestnut Munia, L. a. formosana, showing an extensive, blurry-edged black belly patch. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. Tricolored Munia, cinnamon variant, showing characteristic contrast between upperparts and much paler flanks. A Guide to the Birds of the West Indies. © Zhong Ying Koay, Chestnut Munia, L. a. jagori, showing a shadowed, blurry-edged, blackish belly. document.write(".

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